SPECIAL USAGE NOTES
by Ruda, he used to learn English
is a noun; Advise is a verb.
The counsellor advised
me to take a writing course; I will follow her advice.
far as / Until
far as refers to distance; Until refers to time.
She walked as
far as the corner and then turned back. She said she could stay only until
teams or opponents; One wins games.
Tracey won the
tennis match by beating Sandra in three sets.
between these verbs are idiomatic. Both have the meaning to accomplish or to
perform. Note these uses:
This morning I made
the bad and then made breakfast. Afterwards, I did
the dishes. I always do the housework before I do
I made a phone
call, but I made a mistake when I dialled.
suggests position within a certain space; Into suggests action toward a
I made sure there was
water in the pool before I dived into it.
One steals an
object; One robs a person or thing.
the bank and then stole a car to get away.
next to; Besides means in addition to.
three others went on the trip. I sat beside Bart on
is used only with plural countable nouns.
Less is used
only with no countable nouns.
/ A few ; Little / A little
and little have a negative force and suggest the
absence of some quantity or thing.
A few and A
little have a positive force and suggest the presence of a quantity or thing,
although in small amount.
He has many enemies
and few friends.
He is not completely
alone. He still has a few friends.
One can leave
something in a particular place, but one cannot forget
something in a particular place.
I have forgotten
my book. I left it at home.
( Not: I have
forgotten my book at home).
is an adjective used to modify nouns.
Not is an
adverb used to modify verbs and before much, many,
any, enough, and any article or numeral modifying
She has no
money and does not speak their language.
Not many people
came; there were probably not even 50 there.
Very means much
or to a large degree.
always suggest something that we need or can use. Too
is often followed by an infinitive construction.
This book is very
big, but it will go into my pocket.
This book is too
big to go into my pocket.
something from someone or something;
something to someone or something. ( Loan is a synonym for lend ).
your pen, please; I only want to borrow it for a